The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the United States update the position of the northern magnetic pole every five years, but the new update reached almost a year before the planned because the magnetic field moves too fast.
The north magnetic pole - the direction shown by the arrow to the north of the compass - moves from the Canadian Arctic and moves toward snowy Siberia in Russia at a speed of over 55 kilometers per year, three times faster than it was before 1990, according to the National service for oceans and atmosphere of the United States and the British Geological Survey Service.
Based on the World Magnetic model, all navigation (GPS) from Google Maps to smartphones to ship systems are set. The world magnetic model is updated every five years so that modern navigation can monitor the changes in the Earth's magnetic field.
Although it was due to be updated in 2020, by 2018 it was so disturbed that an urgent update was needed.
According to scientists' estimates, this error is due to the combined effect of global geomagnetic acceleration that occurred between 2015 and 2016 and the rapid magnetic field changes in the northern polar region itself.
To correct the model, scientists included data collected in the last three years, including the observed geomagnetic shift from 2016. The new model should remain accurate until the next regular update in 2020