Our distant relatives, the Neanderthals, were more similar to Usain Bolt than to Mohamed Farah - at the dawn of civilization, it was more important than quicker than durable, a recent study showed.
Sprinters survived more from marathons. The elusive did not have any great chances, as there was a greater likelihood that they would eat something before they had the chance to show how durable they were.
Therefore, the Neanderthals were able to express rapidly the acceleration that saved their lives, a recent study showed. This thesis calls into question older theories according to which the Neanderthals were low and compact, adapted to run long distances.
The new research shows that Neanderthals were hunting in the forests, not in cool, open areas like the tundra, as previously thought.
Scientists from University College London concluded that the distant ancestors of today's people lived in warmer forestlands in which they were more important than quicker than durable because they were hunting from ambush and from a short distance.
It turned out that in the Neanderthal genome there are genes that are associated with strength and exceptional physical readiness in every respect, compared with today's people.
"A more detailed analysis of the layers in which fossil remains are found suggests that they actually lived at the same time and at the same place as animals of that era that are known to have survived in warmer, forested areas," says Dr. John Stewart, who led this research.
"In such an environment, speed-based strategy gave better results, leading to comparison with the physical fitness of today's top athletes. Neanderthals according to the building were far more similar to Usain Bolt than to Mohammed Farah - they were muscular, long-legged and more capable of sprinting than for a long race. "
This theory is supported by geneticists Joanne Dickman, Hugh Montgomery and Mark Thomas from University College London.