The combination of the increasingly serious consequences of climate change and the slow reaction of humans put humanity on a melancholic road leading into a chaotic world that can cause global social collapse, according to a new report by the independent think tank The Breakthrough - National Center for Climate Restoration based in Melbourne.
The report was presented by Chris Barry, a former chief of the Australian Defense Forces and a retired Admiral of the Australian Navy.
"The authors presented a cruel truth about the hopeless situation in which humanity and our planet are located. The report notes that there is a real opportunity for the human race to go into extermination, "says Barry.
One of the conclusions is that climate change is a medium-term threat to human civilization, and that world governments must step up their efforts to fight global warming. The harmful effects of global warming will be reflected in a reduced amount of food and water in some areas and will be a catalyst for socio-political instability and increased unrest and clashes in the world.
The authors of the report calculated that if current pollution is continued, by 2050 there will be an increased temperature of three degrees Celsius compared to the pre-industrial period.
The consequences would be the melting of ice surfaces, the widespread loss of eternal ice, drought, and the dying of life in parts of Amazon.
The destabilization of air currents will significantly affect the intensity and geographical distribution of Asian and African monsoons, and together with the additional slowdown of the Gulf Stream, the systems for sustaining life in Europe are also being questioned, the report says. North America would be exposed to catastrophic climatic extremes, including fires, heat waves, drought ... The summer monsoons in China would disappear, and the levels of large Asian rivers would be significantly lower due to the loss of more than a third of the Himalayan ice.
The loss of the Andes glaciers would be up to 70 percent, and precipitation in Mexico and Central America would be reduced by 50 percent.
NASA reported that the Hubble telescope made a spectacular spiral galaxy photography NGC 2903, part of the constellation Leo, 30 million light-years away from Earth.
About 75 percent of the galaxies in space are spiral. Milky Way has been reclassified into a spiral galaxy with a central part and spiral star-filled stars, as well as cosmic dust and gases.
The focus of NASA is currently focused on black holes, and spiral galaxies contain black holes that are once near the center. Hubble's research on spiral galaxies aims to uncover the connection between black holes and local galaxies.
Preparations for a huge asteroid called "The God of Chaos" have already begun, and according to NASA's calculations, it should pass near the Earth in ten years from now.
On April 13, 2029, people in the sky will be able to spot a small dot light passing over them, which will become brighter and faster with each passing moment. She will travel so fast that she will spend the entire length of the moon in just one minute and be bright as the stars in the sky.
It is an asteroid whose official name is Apophis, after the Egyptian god of chaos. The asteroid has a width of 340 meters and is one of the largest that ever passed near the Earth. NASA has already begun preparing for its arrival, which will be harmless as Apophis will pass to 30,000 kilometers from Earth.
The Apophis will pass far enough from Earth to cause damage to our planet, and close enough for NASA scientists to extract data from it. So far, NASA had a chance to observe smaller asteroids from a closer distance but never before had a larger asteroid been detected at this distance.
"The advent of Apophis in 2029 will be an incredible opportunity for science. We will observe the asteroid with optical telescopes and radars. Through the radars, we will be able to clearly see the surface of the asteroid, "said Marina Brozovic, a radar explorer and scientist at NASA.
The asteroid will be visible to the naked eye of the night sky above the Southern Hemisphere, passing through the east to the west coast of Australia. Then, Apophis will travel along the Earth, through the Indian Ocean to the United States. It will most likely come closer to Earth when it flies over the Atlantic Ocean, which will fly in just one hour.
The latest data from the space agency NASA confirm that the universe is spreading much faster than previously thought.
The Hubble Space Telescope has shown that the universe is about nine percent faster than astronomers have assumed, based on their calculations for the space movement that began shortly after the Great Explosion.
This mismatched growth has now reached a point that can not be ruled out as a coincidence. That's not what we expected, said Adam Rice, Nobel Prize winner and prominent professor of physics and astronomy at Johns Hopkins University.
The speed of expansion of the universe, known as the Hubble constant, is a central part of the physics and understanding of the universe. The new research confirms that detailed work is needed to explain the growth of the universe.
Rice points out that it is now clear that the speed of expansion was not in line with what they expected.
One is measuring how fast the universe is spreading today, and another is a prediction based on physics from previous measurements, Rice pointed out.
He did not explain why there is an accelerated expansion of the universe.
Some of the users who tested the new Samsung Galaxy Fold in a few days reported problems. Problems might have been avoided if Samsung had better explanations for users.
Problems with the new Galaxy Fold had a Verge journalist who had the opportunity to see the phone before others. Unfortunately, the likely reason for screen erosion is not enough to clear explanation. The journalist removed the "screen guard" of the device. Unfortunately, on this display, the protection cannot be removed.
Samsung has announced that it is already starting to check which is the cause of the malfunction in the devices, although the start of the sale is still scheduled for April 26.
"Several people who were checking reported that after removing the upper screen protection, there was damage to the screen. The main display of the Galaxy Fold must have protection, and it is part of the display structure. Removing the protection or adding adhesives can cause damage. We will surely ensure that this information is clearly visible to users, "Samsung told the Wall Street Journal.
It seems that the biggest problem with the phone is by removing the security, but not all have this malfunction on the device. The CNBC is left on the phone, but the screen of the phone, or rather the left side, flashes continuously.
Samsung will not delay the sale of the phone, but it seems that before the start, they will have to answer the question "What causes the Galaxy Fold screen?" Not so long ago the company had a fiasco with the release of the Galaxy Note 7. Then, due to the flammability of the battery, Samsung withdrew all the phones in this series.
4/14/2019 0 Comments
The US space exploration company, SpaceX, successfully completed the first operational mission for the triple landing of the three Falcon Heavy rockets, which are considered the most powerful rockets on Earth.
Two of the rockets landed on the platform of the Cape Canaveral Space Center in Florida, and the third was grounded on the SpaceX's private platform in the Atlantic Ocean.
For the first time in its history, SpaceX managed to put all three rockets on Earth. When Falcon Heavy missiles first flew in February last year, only two of them returned to Earth full and undamaged.
The problem was that one of them could not activate all three engines because there was not enough fuel. Instead of landing on the water platform, the rocket dived into the ocean at a speed of 480 kilometers per hour.
However, SpaceX has now succeeded in landing all three rockets whose advanced and improved versions are known as Block 5. This version of the spacecraft is made for reuse, which facilitates the SpaceX mission because the company can land them and then land them sent in new missions.
The first attempt to land a Falcon Heavy rocket occurred in 2015 when the rocket exploded on the landing platform. After that, SpaceX had several more attempts before it finally managed to land first, then three rockets at once.
Last year, Facebook spent $ 22 million on the safety of Mark Zuckerberg, CNN reports.
Zuckerberg, like many other wealthy executives, receives a salary of $ 1 a year. Last year, he did not receive any bonuses or rewards for the shares.
However, due to the increased security costs of the founder of Facebook and his family, the total payment is $ 22.6 million and is $ 9.1 million higher than the previous year.
Zuckerberg also spent $ 2.6 million on private jet costs, which the company says is also part of its security.
Facebook says the price has risen partly as a result of specific threats to Zuckerberg, as Facebook has recently faced a series of scandals when it comes to the privacy of users on this social network.
Intel introduced a new processor for the Xeon Platinum 9200 server. It is a true beast that comes with 56 physical and 112 virtual cores. The company announces that this processor is intended for users with the need for the highest performance. The new processors are part of Intel's second-generation scalable processors.
The CPU is of course intended for servers and data centers. This is the first processor with Cascade Lake architecture. Besides the number of cores, the new processor comes with Optane support, support for faster DRAM, new configurations and better specialization for different processors from the series. In addition to these processors, hardware support has been made to reduce the dangers of Specter and Meltdown. With this even though Intel did not change the micro-architecture compared to the previous generation, however, with greater security and better focus on implementation, Intel offers better processors in this series, says AnandTech.
Xeon 9200 comes with 1 MB L2 cache per core; maximum 38.5 MB L3 cache memory; support for DDR4-2933 with support up to 1 TB; Optane provides a speed of 45 TB per core. Additionally, the CPU has a power of 400 W. Some rumors say that processors could be on sale by Computex. The Xeon 9200 series has several processors:
Almost a month, beta users were able to test Opera's VPN service. 51 The Android version of the browser has finally become widely available and all interested have the complete free virtual private network (Virtual Private Network, VPN).
After one-month testing, the team behind Opera is pleased with VPN capabilities and consider their browser and built-in VPN "mark a new standard of privacy and security for mobile browsing."
An Android browser team official said:
"There are already over 650 million people using VPN services globally. With Opera, they can now enjoy a free service that increases online privacy and improves security. "The same representative, Peter Volman, explains that if you use the built-in virtual private network, it significantly impairs your third-party mission and prevents it not only in stealing information but also in tracking traces. "Users, Peter says, no longer have to wonder how to protect their personal information in such situations."
For the advantages of VPN and the numerous tools that can help you with better security, we talked on several occasions.
The crashes in Ethiopia and Indonesia have recently landed all Boeing 737 Max planes. The company's director prior to the landing claimed that the cause of the demolition was a software flaw that would hastily hasten. Probably the more important question is whether the aircraft should have been granted permission for use by certification agencies for use.
Troubleshooting has already begun. At the Boeing pilot plant, they began testing the new software in a simulator. For now, the change has allowed pilots in the simulation to land the plane without major problems, the New York Times writes.
The reason for the collision of the two aircraft is located in the MCAS software which, combined with a mechanical sensor defect, is the reason for the fall of the aircraft. What makes MCAS prevents the aircraft from stopping working due to overloading the engines. The way this is done is by automatic descent and the engine of the plane will not stop working. Unfortunately, the Boeing 737 has engines that contribute to problems and the plane itself is more easily burdened. The demolition of Boeing 737 Max in Ethiopia and Indonesia is caused in combination with a faulty mechanical sensor.
But this is just the surface of the problem. The second part of the problem is that pilots did not have enough training with MCAS software and did not understand how it worked. Because of this, but also because of the fact that the whiteboard that allows comparisons and allows to notice that what the mechanical sensor shows is a mistake is additional equipment, the accidents could not be prevented.
The final cause of the crash is the price. Air carriers would have to train their pilots, which would make the new aircraft less desirable for buyers. However, under the pressure of the crashes and landing, Boing has called for 200 pilots to present changes to the software.
The software is an easy "target" for the accusation, for many computer sciences is a mystery. However, the reasons for these demolitions are experiences that we are all familiar with, the pressure to deliver earlier, the temptation to bypass some established practices, and the hope that in a large and complex world, a small mistake will not destroy the whole program, says Quartz.
After the Switch Switch appeared on the market, it became a big hit for old and new generations of lovers of Nintendo devices. Due to its high popularity, the company is already working on two new Switch models, which should be presented this summer.
According to announcements, one of the devices should be a cheaper version of Switch, while the other will have better performance and will be dedicated to dedicated gamers.
Speculation says the new model will not get a vibration option and it is unlikely to have side-side Joy-Con controllers. This model is considered to be the successor to the 3DS console. At the beginning of this year, it was announced that Nintendo intends to introduce a smaller switch, which will focus on portability and practicality.
The report has no details of a more expensive model with improved performance, but there is certainly room for improvement, as the current Switch uses the Tegra X1 processor for four years.
Although the date remains unknown, it is expected that the launch of the new models of the Switch switch will be presented at the E3 fair in June this year.
3/22/2019 0 Comments
A few days ago, Nvidia introduced an impressive artificial intelligence that created incredible images from almost ordinary shorts. The user will definitely need a few seconds for this picture, but what makes the artificial intelligence of Nvidia with the image is impressive.
It's an interesting drawing tool in which the user chooses what he draws and gives him a form. On behalf of the networks (generative adversarial networks), the application is called GauGAN. Brushes are a kind of material selection, and the user only gives some form, and then the artificial intelligence decides what and how it enters into this form, certainly considering what has been selected. It's amazing that artificial intelligence has learned that if someone draws "water," it should add reflection.
What must be pointed out is that the tool does not use parts of existing images that fill the space, but creates a unique part.
The tool is on the Tensor platform, the hardware that is presented is the RDX Titan. According to the speed of drawing, the events appear to occur in real time, from pulling the line to the creation of superficial. Nvidia used millions of Flickr images to train artificial intelligence. For training, images published under the Creative Commons license are used.
Probably most artists and designers will not use this tool, but it might be useful when a picture is needed quickly.
So far, the software is a test prototype and no commercial version. Nvidia hopes GauGAN will be part of the AI Playground. There is a test version announced soon enough for anyone who wants to test the software.
Smartphone lovers have a new reason to rejoice after it was announced that Call of Duty: Mobile will soon be available for all devices with Android and iOS operating system.
It's a free game with popular maps such as Nuketown and Crashes, as well as the characters and weapons from the Call of Duty series, including the Black Ops and Modern Warfare sequels.
The exact date for the premiere of this game remains unknown, but from Activision have announced that they will launch a beta version of the game for those who will register on their website and through Google Play.
Elon Musk is determined to travel to Mars and return home, and for that, it takes a spacecraft to re-enter the Earth's atmosphere. To do this, it needs to withstand huge heat, so SpaceX tested the Starship heat shield.
Mask on Twitter said that Starship was able to withstand the temperature of 1,650 Kelvinas, and his hexagonal shape helped him prevent possible damage from the heat.
According to Mask, the ship must be ready for a new flight immediately after the landing. Therefore, cooling of the areas on which the shield is erosion will be added. It is a matter of further cooling with the release of water and methane.
Testing the heat shield was completely successful, so Mask is now a step closer to the trip to Mars. He believes that this will happen in 2024, if, of course, everything goes according to the plan.
3/19/2019 0 Comments
You may not know, but the beginning of chip development is a story of betrayal and controversy. Probably the main reason for this is the story of the eight traitors. This is the story of eight researchers who left the Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory in the middle of the last century and founded the Fairchild Semiconductor. The company is further involved in creating a bunch of companies. Some of the companies are Intel and AMD.
Julie Blanc, Victor Greenwich, John Horner, Eugene Clayner, Jay Last, Gordon Moore, Robert Neuss, and Sheldon Roberts are the eight researchers known as "Traitorous Eight". In 1956, William Shockley recruited a group of young PhDs for his company, Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory. Although Shockley himself was a remarkable scientist and Nobel laureate, he made the treatment he had for the eight to leave the company and, together with Sherman Fairchild, to establish Fairchild Semiconductor. In just a few years, the company has become a center for development and innovation.
Establishment of the Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory
William Shockley is an innovator who discovered the transistor in 1955 and founded a company that will produce transistors and shockwave diodes.
With the investment of Arnold Beckman, Shockley Semi-Conductor Laboratories was soon established. The company was part of Beckman Instruments. Shortly after the opening, they were recruited by Julius Blanc, Jay Last, Gordon Moore, Robert Neuss, and Sheldon Roberts, and a few months later Eugene Clayner, Victor Greenwich and John Horner. All were either young doctors or experienced researchers, between 26 and 33 years.
Problems, unfortunately, started almost immediately. Shockley, who was an old-age researcher, believed that every scientist must be able to carry out all technological processes himself. Because of this, he refused to hire additional technical staff.
The company has ceased to develop bipolar transistors, although, according to Mr. Neuss and Mr. Moore was a surprise. Although perhaps the explanation is that Beckman Instruments had a contract with the US military for research and development.
Sadly, although he was a brilliant scientist, Shockley was a bad manager and businessman, but also bad in contact with people. Because of communication problems, often instead of colleagues, he saw enemies. It was the relationship that made eight "traitors" leave the company and seek happiness elsewhere.
From the very beginning, the atmosphere in the laboratory was so tense that the Nobel Prize failed to calm down the relationship.
Resignations and a new company
Already next year, Clayner, Blank, Greenwich, Last, Roberts. Moore and Kearney started seeking Shockley's withdrawal. On May 29, 1957, as the final step, they submitted an ultimatum or Shockley goes or they are.
Instead of an official agreement, the group signed 10 banknotes of 1 dollar. Each banknote had all the signatures, and that was their mutual agreement. "The Eighth Traitors" and the two bankers Arthur Rock and Bad Coyle ceremoniously signed these banknotes, probably themselves not knowing the importance of the meeting.
Finding investors was not easy. Arthur Rock risked his own credibility and organized meetings with 30 companies before finding an interested investor. Magnavox, General Mills, and Burroughs are part of the companies that refused to even meet with scientists before refusing them. Finally, on September 19, the group ranked with the innovator and investor Sherman Fairchild.
For a week with a loan from Mr. Fairchild $ 1.38 million created their company. In September 1957, eight of them left Shockley and received the name "Eight Traitors". Developer Fairchild had the opportunity to buy shares that were distributed to scientists for a sum of $ 3 million and thus become the sole owner. In 1959, he did this, but with the move, researchers from partners became employed in the company and thus entangled the enthusiasm.
Fairchild Semiconductors from 1960 to 1965 was the market leader for semiconductors. In 1967, the company lost its first place on the Texas Instruments market.
Basics and today's model of the Silicon Valley
Since its founding, eight scientists have introduced a new culture of work in the company. Something that has become a basic way of working in the Silicon Valley: open communications, generous distribution of actions, horizontal organizational structure and autonomous research teams.
Ten years later, thanks to its brilliance and company culture, Fairchild Semiconductor had thousands of employees and $ 12 million in profits. The process behind the integrated circuits they created is still used today.
Unfortunately, the eight were together until 1961. In 1961, the Vice President of the Marketing Department accused Jay Last of misusing funds. Moore and Noise did not stop in his defense, and as a direct consequence of this quarrel, the company left Last, Herni, Clayner and Roberts.
But this is not the end of the eight traitors. In 1968, Blank, Grinch, Clayner, Last, Herny and Roberts invested in the company Moore and Noise, N-M Electronics. A year later Intelco's company bought the rights to the name and switched to Intel.
Intel, AMD, and National Semiconductor
However, the culture of working in Silicon Valley is not the only thing these innovators left. Founders of Intel, Gordon Moore, Robert Noyce, Arthur Rock, and Andy Grove; AMD's founder Jerry Sander; Charlie Spark and Floyd Quamé from National Semiconductor were part of Career employees in Fairchild. Some of the founders of Fairchild and employees in the company founded over 65 companies.
Years later, Robert Noyce, Jerry Sanders, and Andy Grove were mentors to Steve Jobs.