Google's tool in the US for cities to measure pollution and emission levels is now available in Europe.
It's a tool that combines transport and builds data from Google Maps with publicly available emission information. The tool will initially be available in Birmingham, Manchester, Dublin, Copenhagen, and other cities, and expansion is planned across Europe and other continents.
Every city can apply online.
The Environmental Insight Explorer (EIE) tool provides data in four categories, namely construction emissions, transport emissions, general emissions, and solar potential. The purpose of the tool is to help cities see the changes needed to reduce emissions. Solutions may include cycling trails or installing solar panels on buildings.
In another project called Air View, cars used for Google Street View measured air pollution as they traveled through cities including London and Copenhagen. This data is also shared through the EIE tool.
The surface of Mars is a cold desert, but billions of years ago there was an oasis, according to new research done by NASA's Rover Curiosity. One mystery remains: was there life?
Using data from the aforementioned rover, the scientists concluded that the Gale Crater, about 154.5 kilometers wide and 5.5 deep, was filled with saltwater 3 and a half billion years ago. The discovery provides a glimpse into the history of the Red Planet at a time when Mars may have had a living world.
Created from the impact of a huge asteroid, the Gale Crater is a real-time capsule of a changing Mars. It is an ideal place to explore the planet's prehistoric past.
One part of the crater, called Old Soaker, contains perhaps the clearest evidence of an ancient oasis, leaving traces of a lake bottom with dried, cracked mud. Scientists believe the region has gone through periods of humidity and drought before today's state finally comes to an end.
It is best to imagine what the oasis of Mars looked like if you look at some places on Earth with a similar geostructure. These are the salt lakes on the heights of South America, more precisely in Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina, which should look similar to that ancient Martian lake.
Curiosity revealed relatively high levels of sulfate salts in the rocks of the Gale Crater. Mars has in the past been a relatively warm and aquatic world filled with rivers and lakes, and it had an ocean that covered much of the northern hemisphere. About 4.2 billion years ago things started to change.
Mars has lost its magnetic field that has protected the atmosphere from the solar wind. This caused the planet to become cold and dry. Today, Mars has an atmosphere that is only 1 percent of the Earth, and fortunately our planet still has a magnetic field.
NASA scientists in charge of the Curiosity rover mission have announced new discoveries for the Red Planet, in particular the Gale Crater where the rover is conducting research. Large levels of sulfate salts have been detected in the crater rocks, accumulated by sediment at various levels.
The rover was able to gather new evidence of the ancient Salt Lake 3.7 billion years ago on the Gale Crater.
Scientists believe more will be known about the evolution of lakes in the Gale Crater in the coming period.
"We know we'll get an answer, maybe a big answer to what happened next to the lake, including the sulfate response," NASA said.
Japanese scientists from the medical sector at Tokorozawa Military Academy made artificial blood that suits all blood groups.
They point out that blood can be stored for up to a year at room temperature.
The research team performed the tests on sick rabbits who lost large amounts of blood.
The research has proved to be successful and now hope that blood will be useful for sick people.
Japanese scientists claim that rabbits who have successfully passed the experiment have no negative side effects from artificial blood.
Professor Manabu Kinoshita claims that artificial blood will save human lives as well.
Artificial blood consists of platelets and red blood cells.
The finding was reported in the US medical journal TRANSFUSION Journal.
Native American Darrell Crawford's DNA goes back to 55 generations, the oldest DNA ever discovered on the American continent.
The genetic research company CRI Genetics has discovered the oldest DNA of an American. The results are 99 percent accurate and indicate that the Crawford lineage has been going back for 55 generations or 17,000 years.
So long dating of the lineage through DNA analysis has never been so successful, so this reconnaissance is very important in the field of biogeography.
Crawford is a member of the Blackfoot Indian Reserve in Montana. He and his community believe their ancestors settled on the American continent during the Ice Age when they came from Asia via the Bering Land Bridge.
However, DNA results say his ancestors first lived in South America where they came from the Pacific islands.
London, September 15, 2019 (MIA) - Scientists have discovered a new comet they believe comes from space outside our Solar System and is an interstellar visitor.
The newly discovered comet moves toward the orbit of Mars. It is estimated to have a diameter of about 16 kilometers.
The comet as an interstellar visitor was in the neighborhood, and its trajectory was determined by amateur astronomer Gennady Borisov.
The distant guest's line of motion is very distorted and its velocity is unusually high, which is further evidence that the comet originated outside the Solar System.
On its way, it is expected to completely bypass the Earth. Scientists predict that by next year it will be visible with professional telescopes.
Comet speed is estimated at 150,000 kilometers per hour. It is currently about 42 million kilometers from the Sun.
News of the new comet was confirmed by both NASA and the European Space Agency, which said it was still gathering information about it.
If you want to read more geek and technology news go to Apple announced a price cut on iPhone in order to boost sales.
9/8/2019 0 Comments
India has lost contact with the Vikram spacecraft that tried to land on the moon's south pole to land a vehicle to look for signs of water on Earth's satellite, the Indian Space Research Organization announced today.
It is still unclear whether the aircraft landed or had an accident.
The Indian organization said the landing of the aircraft was normal to the second kilometer of the lunar surface and that data was being analyzed to determine what had happened.
The Chandrayaan-2 mission, which spent about $ 140m, aimed to analyze the craters on the "dark side of the moon", which has water reserves, as confirmed by the 2008 Chandrayaan-1 mission.
The new mission began on July 22 from Satish Dhawan Space Center on the island of Chiharikota, after which Chandrayaan-2 spent several weeks on its way to the moon to finally enter orbit on August 20. The Vikram spacecraft departed the main ship on September 2 and launched a series of maneuvers to prepare for landing.
With the successful landing of the spacecraft, India would become the fourth country to do so and only the third country to install a robotic vehicle.
Only three countries - the United States, the former Soviet Union, and China - landed on the moon, and China, in January, became the first country to reach the far end of the moon.
In April, an Israeli spacecraft crashed just moments before landing on the moon.
Want to learn more about Elon Musk - delaying the departure of Mars?
According to the latest discovery by scientists, exoplanets in our universe may be home to a life that has much better conditions than those on our planet.
The abundance of the living world, far more than the land that enjoys conditions far better than those offered by our planet. Scientists believe such planets exist.
The research team of geophysicist Stephanie Olson of the University of Chicago used special software from NASA that made a model of what living conditions might offer for more discovered exoplanets. The results were surprising.
"The conditions of some exoplanets that have favorable ocean currents could support life forms far more numerous and active than on Earth," says Olson.
These oceans are similar to those on Earth. Because of the upward flow of nutrients from the depths of the oceans to sunny parts where there are conditions for photosynthetic life, it means that there are nutrients that can be recovered, which means biological activity.
Researchers have found that the combination of a thinner atmosphere, slower rotation, and the presence of continents together contributes to greater propulsion.
This research will help expand the parameters used today in the search for life-supporting planets. Currently, the main parameters focus on the temperature and presence of liquid oceans. “Not all the oceans are equally hospitable. Some oceans are better places to live thanks to the currents, "explains Olson.
Scientists estimate that nearly 35 percent of the discovered exoplanets larger than the Earth should be rich in water, meaning there is plenty of potential for life.
New York, August 26, 2019 (MIA) - The International Organization for Migration at the United Nations warns that the effects of climate change-related droughts, floods, fires, and famines will force 25 million to billion people to leave their homes by 2050.
According to a scientific study published in the journal Science, it is likely to be the case of about 200 million people.
A group of international scientists believes that in order to avoid a scenario of chaotic mass flight that will punish the world's poor, it is time to start planning the inevitable "withdrawal" from coastal cities.
"Faced with global warming, rising sea levels and climate extremes showing a tendency to intensify, we no longer ask the question of whether some communities will have to withdraw from the coast in order to be rescued and to avoid material damage, but why, where, when and how the withdrawal will take place, ”the authors argue.
They believe that withdrawal from coastal areas could be a boon to revitalizing communities and redistributing wealth more sustainably. It could also be an opportunity to subsidize new schools, hospitals and secure affordable housing in inland areas, rather than taking delayed steps in risky areas, such as building expensive firewalls near the sea to protect them. Cities that were previously ravaged by heavy storms.
8/24/2019 0 Comments
Scientists said they were shocked by a large number of particles found in the Arctic, more than 10,000 a liter. Even in the Arctic, microscopic plastic particles fall from the sky with snow.
This region is considered one of the last intact surroundings in the world. A German-Swiss team of researchers published the research in Science Advances. Other particles and fibers were also found in the snow.
Researchers collected samples of snow from Svalbard and found in a laboratory in Germany that it contained more particles than expected. Most particles were so small that it could not be determined where they came from. They have been found to consist of natural materials such as plant cellulose and animal fur. There were also plastic particles, along with fragments of rubber, varnish, paint, and synthetic fibers.
"We expected that we would find some contamination, but what we found so much was really a shock. It is obvious that the microplastics in the snow come from the air. We do not know whether plastics will be harmful to human health or not, but we must take into account the way we treat our environment, "said Dr. Melanie Bergman, lead researcher at the study.
Scientists also analyzed snow from locations in Germany and Switzerland, and samples from some areas taken in Germany showed higher concentrations than in the Arctic.