9/8/2019 0 Comments
India has lost contact with the Vikram spacecraft that tried to land on the moon's south pole to land a vehicle to look for signs of water on Earth's satellite, the Indian Space Research Organization announced today.
It is still unclear whether the aircraft landed or had an accident.
The Indian organization said the landing of the aircraft was normal to the second kilometer of the lunar surface and that data was being analyzed to determine what had happened.
The Chandrayaan-2 mission, which spent about $ 140m, aimed to analyze the craters on the "dark side of the moon", which has water reserves, as confirmed by the 2008 Chandrayaan-1 mission.
The new mission began on July 22 from Satish Dhawan Space Center on the island of Chiharikota, after which Chandrayaan-2 spent several weeks on its way to the moon to finally enter orbit on August 20. The Vikram spacecraft departed the main ship on September 2 and launched a series of maneuvers to prepare for landing.
With the successful landing of the spacecraft, India would become the fourth country to do so and only the third country to install a robotic vehicle.
Only three countries - the United States, the former Soviet Union, and China - landed on the moon, and China, in January, became the first country to reach the far end of the moon.
In April, an Israeli spacecraft crashed just moments before landing on the moon.
Want to learn more about Elon Musk - delaying the departure of Mars?
According to the latest discovery by scientists, exoplanets in our universe may be home to a life that has much better conditions than those on our planet.
The abundance of the living world, far more than the land that enjoys conditions far better than those offered by our planet. Scientists believe such planets exist.
The research team of geophysicist Stephanie Olson of the University of Chicago used special software from NASA that made a model of what living conditions might offer for more discovered exoplanets. The results were surprising.
"The conditions of some exoplanets that have favorable ocean currents could support life forms far more numerous and active than on Earth," says Olson.
These oceans are similar to those on Earth. Because of the upward flow of nutrients from the depths of the oceans to sunny parts where there are conditions for photosynthetic life, it means that there are nutrients that can be recovered, which means biological activity.
Researchers have found that the combination of a thinner atmosphere, slower rotation, and the presence of continents together contributes to greater propulsion.
This research will help expand the parameters used today in the search for life-supporting planets. Currently, the main parameters focus on the temperature and presence of liquid oceans. “Not all the oceans are equally hospitable. Some oceans are better places to live thanks to the currents, "explains Olson.
Scientists estimate that nearly 35 percent of the discovered exoplanets larger than the Earth should be rich in water, meaning there is plenty of potential for life.
New York, August 26, 2019 (MIA) - The International Organization for Migration at the United Nations warns that the effects of climate change-related droughts, floods, fires, and famines will force 25 million to billion people to leave their homes by 2050.
According to a scientific study published in the journal Science, it is likely to be the case of about 200 million people.
A group of international scientists believes that in order to avoid a scenario of chaotic mass flight that will punish the world's poor, it is time to start planning the inevitable "withdrawal" from coastal cities.
"Faced with global warming, rising sea levels and climate extremes showing a tendency to intensify, we no longer ask the question of whether some communities will have to withdraw from the coast in order to be rescued and to avoid material damage, but why, where, when and how the withdrawal will take place, ”the authors argue.
They believe that withdrawal from coastal areas could be a boon to revitalizing communities and redistributing wealth more sustainably. It could also be an opportunity to subsidize new schools, hospitals and secure affordable housing in inland areas, rather than taking delayed steps in risky areas, such as building expensive firewalls near the sea to protect them. Cities that were previously ravaged by heavy storms.
8/24/2019 0 Comments
Scientists said they were shocked by a large number of particles found in the Arctic, more than 10,000 a liter. Even in the Arctic, microscopic plastic particles fall from the sky with snow.
This region is considered one of the last intact surroundings in the world. A German-Swiss team of researchers published the research in Science Advances. Other particles and fibers were also found in the snow.
Researchers collected samples of snow from Svalbard and found in a laboratory in Germany that it contained more particles than expected. Most particles were so small that it could not be determined where they came from. They have been found to consist of natural materials such as plant cellulose and animal fur. There were also plastic particles, along with fragments of rubber, varnish, paint, and synthetic fibers.
"We expected that we would find some contamination, but what we found so much was really a shock. It is obvious that the microplastics in the snow come from the air. We do not know whether plastics will be harmful to human health or not, but we must take into account the way we treat our environment, "said Dr. Melanie Bergman, lead researcher at the study.
Scientists also analyzed snow from locations in Germany and Switzerland, and samples from some areas taken in Germany showed higher concentrations than in the Arctic.
Swedish scientists have discovered a previously unknown organ through which humans detect environmental hazards that may be responsible for certain types of pain. It is located under the upper part of the skin.
It is an organ consisting of cells located near the nerve that, as an octopus, enclose and enter the nerve cells to sustain them. Previously it was not known that they participate in the feeling of pain. The cell structure is located just below the surface of the skin.
The discovery was published in the journal Science. Scientists are surprised by the new discovery because they have long believed that the nerve endings of the epidermis are bare or wrapped. But the structure forms a single, entangled network of nearby nerve cells throughout the body, leading researchers to claim that it should be formally named an organ.
"Our research shows that pain sensitivity not only occurs in the skin nerves but also in this recently discovered pain sensitive organ," said study author Patrick Ernfors. "The new organ is a two-cell receptor made up of a nerve and a Schwann cell," he adds.
This finding may lead to the development of new painkillers.
Greenland is known for glaciers, but the island has been melting at unprecedented speeds and fires have been reported over the past month.
Scientists did not expect Greenland to melt at this pace for another 50 years. By the last week of July, melting has reached the level predicted by climate models for 2070 under the most pessimistic scenario, reported Science Alert.
Greenland's ice sheet lost 12.5 billion tonnes of ice on August 1, the most a day since researchers began measuring melting ice in 1950, the Washington Post reported.
Dramatic melting suggests that Greenland's ice cover is approaching a turnaround that could irreversibly lead to complete extinction.
If that happens, the catastrophic rise in sea level will devour coastal cities around the world.
Arctic ice melting season begins each year in June and ends in August, with the melting peak recorded in July.
However, the speed of melting ice in Greenland this year has surpassed the records.
From July 30 to August 3, melting has been recorded on 90 percent of the surface of Greenland with 55 billion tonnes of water discharged over five days.
Similarly, above-average melting has been registered in Switzerland, glaciers have lost 800 million tonnes of ice there during heat waves in June and July.
Alaska also saw record melting ice in July.
UFO enthusiasts have slapped Facebook after the company deleted the mass entry event in Forbidden Area 51, another reason to fuel the ever-popular conspiracy theory of concealing the existence of aliens on Earth. The explanation for deleting the event is that it violated community standards.
"Storm Area 51, They Can't Stop All of Us" was an event that drew more than two million people who reported attendance via Facebook. The purpose of the event was to bring as many people together as possible into the strictly forbidden area of the US Army to once and for all solve the mystery of flying saucers and aliens inside.
Entry to Area 51 was planned for September 20th, and few nearby hotels have already reported being filled for the period since the event gained enormous popularity. Local sheriff Carrie Lee says as many as 500 tourists can make chaos in the area creating traffic jams and parking problems because the closest township to District 51 has only 5,200 residents.
The Pentagon may also have played a role in Facebook's move after trying to discourage UFO enthusiasts with a statement that "US forces are ready to defend the country and its secrets."
The talk of the event has taken to Twitter following the hashtag # Area51 where many comments that the deletion is a trifle because everyone knows the date and place of the gathering.
Scientists have been able to capture images of huge sharks in the waters of Scotland with the help of Britain's first autonomous shark camera.
Owned by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (WHOI), the underwater robot has observed different behaviors of sharks collected in the waters of northwest Scotland. Scientists hope that these images will help preserve this kind of shark. Although little is known about the huge sharks prevalent in Scottish waters, environmental and animal protection activists want this area to be declared protected.
The REMUS Shark Cam captures high-resolution photos and high-quality video from different angles. It is a large shark Cetorhinus maximus, the world's second-largest whale shark, protected in several states.
"These giant fish are spectacular and it's an unforgettable experience to watch them gracefully feed on the surface of the water. This technology gives us a look at shark behavior, which is very exciting. The first recordings led us to reassess their behavior, and we concluded that these sharks seem to spend a lot more time swimming above the seabed than we thought, "said Susan Henderson, a researcher, and researcher at Maritime Policy.
The key issue facing modern society today is how humanity can best adapt to extreme climate change. Perhaps the answer to how it should or should not be done can be found in the past. For example, from the Mayan civilization.
In the scientific study "The Role of Nutrition in Resistance and Sensitivity to Climate Change among Early Mayan Agricultural Communities" published in the journal Current Anthropology, the authors Clare Ebert, Julie Hogarth, Jaime Ave, Brendan Caletton and Douglas Kenneth Explore Ability of the ancient Maya to withstand periods of severe climate change.
The authors found that the growing need for a high-class corn-based diet may have made it more difficult for residents to withstand drought. This, in turn, led to the collapse of this civilization.
"Population growth and environmental degradation caused by the intensification of agricultural production, coupled with socio-conditional nutrition preferences, have made the community less flexible and less resilient," says Claire Ebert.
The scientists came to this conclusion after analyzing the human remains of 50 graves found in an old Mayan community in Belize, as well as in neighboring settlements. Measurement of carbon activity indicates that the oldest bones from these tombs date from between 735 and 400 BC, and the youngest remains between 800 and 850 BC.
The Laboratory for Human Paleoecology and Geochemistry of Isotopes at Pennsylvania State University measured the values of stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes from the samples taken. This way the diet of individuals and how it has changed over time has been reconstructed. The scientists paid particular attention to corn.
The result has shown that the persistent insistence of high-class locals to increase corn production, as well as the advantage given to this drought-tolerant crop, are probably among the factors that led to the collapse of the social-political system.
If you like cats, but because of an allergy you can't be near, you'll soon be able to enjoy your favorite animal, thanks to the latest vaccine scientists have discovered.
People diagnosed with cat allergy are allergic to the Fel-d1 protein found in the fur of these animals. This protein attaches to the cat's dandruff and then spreads to the area in which the cat lives or resides.
When the protein Fel-d1 enters the body of a person who is allergic, there is increased secretion of histamine, which causes redness of the eyes, sneezing and difficulty breathing. This is especially dangerous for people who also have asthma or some other form of respiratory illness.
The vaccine called HypoCat is the solution for all people who have this problem. Scientists at the University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland have been working on the vaccine for more than ten years and point out that previous research and experiments have shown that it works.
The HypoCat vaccine is injected into cats, boosting their immune system and thereby helping to eliminate the Fel-d1 protein from their body, according to a report published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
The vaccine is not yet available for commercial use.